Leopards can't change their spots, but that's no bad thing since this new Leopard 40 Catamaran offers space, speed and safety says Paul Jeffes.
Multihulls are one of the fastest-growing segments of the marine market. Visit any exotic charter location, from the Caribbean to the Seychelles, and you'll find a wide choice of cruising catamarans. Why so popular? They offer incredible living space for families. Two couples sailing together can have the privacy of a hull each, with their own shower and heads. Shoal-draft opens up new horizons in today's crowded anchorages and twin engines offer superb maneuverability. Cats may not be everybody's ideal, but their design and safety has come a long way in a short time. Fewer modern cruising cats capsize than monohulls sink.
The Leopard 40 is a brand new design for The Moorings, one of the largest charter companies, with around 880 boats in 41 bases from Trogir, Croatia to Tahiti. Our test boat was sailed to the UK from her Cape Town builder, Robertson & Caine, who, since 1995 have launched more than 400 catamarans from 38ft to 62ft. More than two million ocean delivery miles have been made without incident and cats now represent around 28% of The Moorings worldwide bareboat charter fleet.
The Leopard is The Moorings' first cat from the design board of Morelli & Melvin, who created the record-breaking round-the-world racing cat Cheyenne, formerly PlayStation, as well as the award-winning Gunboat 62 cruising cat. From a distance, first impressions are of a futuristic 'spacecraft', and stepping aboard, space is what you get - above and below decks. Catamarans have enormous deck area and adding the forward trampoline must bring it close to 70m².
Speed was the other factor. In the crowded Solent, the only thing to overtake us all day was a container ship! We sailed from Lymington to Hamble with the asymmetric chute up in 20-25 knots of wind, averaging over 10 knots in complete comfort. For anyone who feels nervous when the colored sails come out, this is the boat for you. At each of the three gybes we simply snuffed the kite, gybed, switched sheets and 'unsnuffed' again. With a 6m beam, a spinnaker pole is superfluous. Simply switch from one bow to the other: only one deck crew and helmsman are required.
The rig is attractively simple, with conventional roller furling headsail, fully battened main with stackpack and lazyjacks. The 6m-plus beam allows a wide shroud base to accommodate the loads and a tall slim 19m mast. With her 120% genoa, the Leopard has a sail area of 98.4m²
With a displacement of 7.63 tonnes, she achieves hull speed of 8-knots plus upwind with no fuss. Her shallow draft will doubtless hamper her pointing ability, but in the tropics, the possibility of stepping ashore on the beach and tying your boat to a palm tree is a significant compensation!
Though the deck has space for a small orchestra, this is a boat set up for short-handed sailing. The cockpit layout means everything (except reefing) can be done from the helm. Sheets, furling line and rope clutches can all be reached from the helmsman's seat. Despite suffering back trouble, the position of these winches allowed me to operate them standing up in comfort with one hand on the wheel. The mainsheet track on top of the fixed GRP canopy, leaves the cockpit area free of clutter. A vang is scarcely needed as the mainsheet track is over 5m long. Even when reefing or hoisting/lowering the cruising chute, the operationn can be handled by the helmsman and one crew on deck.
The Leopard's fixed hardtop, or GRP bimini, is less claustrophobic than a conventional sprayhood and allows the helmsman some shelter, with an opening hatch to check the set of the mainsail and masthead.
Berthing a 40ft yacht in three knots of tide in the crowded Hamble River requires skill and confidence. Now imagine two yachts side by side with a cross current. The Leopard's secret weapon is her twin engines located around 4.5m apart offering great maneuverability in confined spaces. With little practice and no bow thruster, Jerry Tutt from The Moorings UK made it look very simple as he put her into a space just half a length more than the boat.
PROS AND CONS
Pros: Space. Superior deck and cockpit area. Stability. No heeling, even when hard-pressed only 5 degrees. Bunks stay level and drinks stay on the table. No rolling at anchor. Plenty of stowage, plus shoal-draft and privacy. Modern cats are also virtually unsinkable.
Cons: Cats are more expensive length-for-length than monohulls. Marinas may charge extra. If you fill up the incredible stowage space, the extra weight will kill your speed. The jerky motion of cats going to windward may not suit everyone. Capsize risk.
- Handling under power in confined space
- Short-handed operation: helm position and winches.
- The layout doesn't segregate cockpit and saloon/galley and there is plenty of personal space with a large foredeck and sleeping cabins offering complete privacy.
- When the dinghy is not on its davits, the aft deck feels exposed and needs a guardrail or wire.
- No dedicated chart table and stowage. Chart work is done on the saloon table or fridge top.
- The rope clutch for the headsail furler is on the deck edge where careless feet could kick it off accidentally. It needs a guard.
The Leopard's spacious aft cabin. The boat offers two accommodation options: a three-cabin owner's version or four-cabin charter version. The four-cabin version, which we sailed, can sleep eight adults and two children without using the saloon.
Two hulls means more privacy, with separate heads and showers in each hull.
The aft-facing galley is unusual and has a serving window that overlooks the cockpit dining area. And, since catamarans produce less than 5 degrees of heel, these wine glasses aren't likely to be going anywhere.
The light-colored joinery is carried through into the galley which, together with its serving window, adds to the bright appeal.
The lack of a dedicated chart table is a minus point, with chart work done on a table or fridge top.
The boat offers two accommodation options: a three-cabin owner's version or four-cabin charter version. Both have two heads with showers and the four cabin version, which we sailed, can sleep eight adults and two children without using the saloon. There is certainly room to seat that number between saloon and cockpit tables. The unusual aft-facing galley has a bar and serving window overlooking the cockpit dining area.
Stowage is important for living aboard and is always going to be a bit tight with a full complement of 8 adults, but there is substantial space below the bunks. The designers have created a huge deck locker space forward of the saloon, ideal for that orchestra's instruments!
Engine: By using sail-drives in place of conventional stern gear and mounting them 'back to front' puts the engines away aft, freeing up more hull space and putting the engine noise further away from the accommodation.
Access: Access from the pontoon or dinghy could not be simpler: a low step (or steps?) on either transom, even when the boat is moored alongside. After ascending two transom steps there are no further changes in floor level between cockpit and saloon. An innovative structural honeycomb floor grid underneath stiffens the hull and eliminates the need for an aft beam bulkhead.