Looking for a Used Boat?
Be Smart. Buy Smart.
Whether you're going to sail to Catalina, fish your favorite kelp patties in Dana Point or San Clemente, or chart a course to the Islands, buying a boat is the adventure of a lifetime. You can find many exceptional values in used boats; they can be affordable, seaworthy, well built, well maintained. To make sure you get years of pleasure and adventure out of your used boat, buy smart.
Dick Simon Yachts is here to help you make that decision with the most information possible- we want you to get out on the water, and enjoy your yacht!
Follow these steps and recommendations and they'll make the sailing (or cruising) smoother during your boat buying experience.
Three reasons to read this before you buy
- This guide will help you determine the type of boat that best suits your needs and interests
- We will help you understand the procedures that go into buying a boat
- Our licensed agents will show you the services that a licensed yacht and ship broker (Dick Simon Yachts) can provide
Buy a used boat through a licensed yacht and ship broker
We're experienced. Plus, we're bonded and state-licensed professionals who specialize in this business. We also have instant access to statewide, national and even international networks of boat owners and brokers with boats to sell. We specialize in yacht sales in Southern California, but can sell you any yacht in the world, as long as it's listed with a broker! There are tens of thousands of boats offered, and we can bring you to the right one.
Step One: Ask Yourself These Questions
Do you want a small boat?
- Do you want to sail? Fish? Cruise?
- Do you want a boat that you can pull on a trailer?
- For use on inland waterways or Coastal waterways?
- Can you park your boat at home or will you rent storage space?
- There are many slips available in Dana Point for boats under 30'. The larger boats have a wait list
- Do you want a larger boat for sailing, entertaining, extensive cruising, ocean fishing or diving?
- Do you plan to berth your boat in a marina? Larger boats are not usually trailered.
- Do you plan to live on the boat? Many people do. They're called "live-aboards."
- If you do plan to live aboard your boat, do you know if your marina will allow it?
- Will you use it seasonally or year-round?
- Will you cook and sleep aboard it? (there are tax deductions available for certain uses of yachts)
- Who will use the boat with you, and how often?
- Are you an experienced boater or just starting out?
- Do your boating skills match the boat you want to buy or do you need instruction? We can provide you with basic instruction in using your boat, and can help you find veteran captains to teach you advanced skills.
- What is your price range?
- What will your marine insurance costs be?
- How much will you spend for annual boat maintenance and financing?
Step Two: Finding the Boat You Want to Buy
Where to start
You've come to the right place. Dick Simon Yachts specializes in helping you find the right used boat for you, and our extensive networks of listings can provide you with the most complete choice of boats. We have an unlimited amount of tools available to help you purchase your yacht. Just give us a call!
An Offer to Purchase
After you decide on the boat you want to buy, we'll prepare an Offer to Purchase for your signature. You also make a good-faith deposit on the boat, usually 10 percent of the purchase price. Your deposit goes into a bank trust fund that DSY administers.
You control the deposit
By law, your money can't be spent without your written authorization, and your Offer to Purchase should always depend on your satisfaction of a Sea Trial and Survey. See Step Four for details.
Step Three: Getting a Boat Loan and Marine Insurance
Securing a loan is fairly simple if you have a good credit history and can make a down payment, usually 20 percent of the boat's total delivered price.
You may want to pre-qualify for a boat loan before you shop. That will give you some extra leverage and breathing room when you're negotiating prices.
We can provide this service and will coordinate financing and insurance for you. We work with companies specializing in boat loans and marine insurance.
How much does it cost?
Your costs depend on several factors, such as:
- How much boating experience you have
- Whether you have previous insurance claims
- What kind of navigational equipment your boat has
- Where you will use your boat
- The boat's value
Expect to pay more for insurance if you're going to own a high-performance boat or a wooden boat, or if you will live aboard or cruise offshore.
Though you can get financing for boats 15 years or older (and boats needing a lot of repair) the rates may be higher than for newer boats.
The seller has accepted your offer on a boat. You've lined up your financing. Now it's time for a sea trial to see how this boat handles and performs in the water. The seller usually provides the sea trial. We will usually go with you on the sea trial to answer your questions.
A survey is your opportunity to find out any problems, see if everything works properly and determine the boat's condition. Buyers pay for the surveys and for hauling the boat out of the water for inspection.
If an unforeseen problem shows up during the survey, you might be able to negotiate it into the final price.
Use a marine surveyor
Don't necessarily use a surveyor the seller has recommended, and don't rely on a survey report from the seller. The report might have been written before certain problems turned up in the boat.
ALWAYS use an independent surveyor and always survey the boat in and out of the water. Marine surveyors inspect the boat in your interest and the interests of your lender and insurance company Often your lender will designate a marine surveyor, and brokers have lists of marine surveyors approved by lenders and marine insurance companies.
You can also find marine surveyors by calling the Society of Accredited Marine Surveyors (SAMS) at 1-800 344-9077, and the National Association of Marine Surveyors (NAMS) at 1-800 822-6267.
One word of caution: California has no occupational licensing standards for marine surveyors.
You should also ask an independent marine mechanic to inspect the engine.
Be there at the boat survey
We recommend that you attend the survey to learn firsthand what condition the boat is in. It's the best time to ask the surveyor questions.
What to do with your sea trial and survey results
One big reason for the survey is to find out the current condition and market value of the boat you want to buy.
If the results reveal flaws and problems, the sea trial and survey may give you the opportunity to back out of a contract without penalty or to negotiate repairs on the boat.
But be advised: If you're buying boat at rock-bottom price, or if the seller is in distress and is selling for below his market price, the sea trial and survey will not give you leverage to negotiate. The seller might not have funds for repairs and is selling as is, where is. The seller may insist that you pay any repair costs.
We will usually gives copies of the survey report to your lender and insurance carrier for their review. We'll want to know the boat's condition, its replacement value and the surveyor's determination of the boat's market value.
Keep in mind, though: surveys are no guarantee against hidden or undetected defects.
Step Five: Sales Agreements and Contracts
The cardinal rule is: get it in writing. We will outline the terms of the sale in writing to protect your interests. That includes spelling out obligations that you and the seller have agreed to, and when these obligations will be fulfilled. It's a legally binding contract of each party's intentions.
What your sales agreement
and contract should contain
A description of the boat and engine (if it's outboard powered), including the make, model, year, Hull Identification Number and (outboard) engine serial numbers. You can get the equipment list from the survey and the written specification sheet from your broker. This should include:
- The purchase price, including any deposits you have paid and how you will pay the balance-by cashier's check, for example
- Details about when and where the boat will be delivered and the sale finalized
- Language specifying that the sale depends on o satisfactory survey and sea trial-and your ability to get acceptable financing and marine insurance
- A statement confirming the boat is free of liens and encumbrances that might block the sale-the seller should also take responsibility for debts incurred during the seller's ownership
Who pays the broker?
The seller pays the commissions that a licensed yacht and ship broker earns, not the buyer. But that doesn't mean a broker works exclusively for the seller.
Brokers have a legal duty to buyer and seller alike in every transaction. Brokers work as trustees. They must work justly and in good conscience in the interests of both parties.
They're duly bound to act in good faith, and they must make full and complete disclosure.
One thing brokers can't do is guarantee the condition of the boats they're brokering. That's another important reason to get a sea trial and survey.
What should you expect from a licensed broker?
- Brokers should work in complete honesty. The Division of Boating and Waterways conducts criminal background checks on brokers and salespeople before they are licensed.
- Brokers must pass a three-hour written examination and post a $15,000 surety bond before they receive their licenses.
- They must have a working knowledge of English, understand the principles of the boat brokerage profession, such as certificates of ownership, certificates of number, security agreements, bills of sale and other documents needed to register, number and transfer titles to boats.
- For undocumented boats, brokers must understand certificates of ownership, certificates of number, security agreements, bills of sale and other documents required to register, number and transfer title.
- For documented boats, brokers must understand that the transfer of title will comply with federal law as the U.S. Coast Guard administers it. Brokers must also understand maritime and admiralty liens, as well as mortgaging and transferring title to documented vessels.
- They must understand agency contracts, as well as listings and deposit requirements.
- They must have a general knowledge of the equipment legally required to be on boats.
- They must understand their legal and ethical obligation to buyers and sellers.
- They must have a general knowledge about boats.
- They must supervise their employees' sale activities-or risk losing their surety bonds if they're caught defrauding or making misrepresentations to customers.
So you know the boat's price tag and how much it'll cost to finance. But do you really know how much your boat will cost you? Let's add it up.
Know your tax deductions
If you're going to use your boat as a second home, you can deduct the interest on your boat loan-as long as the boat meets certain standards, such as:
- Sleeping accommodations
- A galley
- And a head
Prepare for other costs
Be sure you budget for the less obvious costs, such as:
- One-time fees, including sales tax
- Recurring fees such as storage costs
-Personal property taxes
-Slip rental fees
Ask us to help you plan for these costs.
Step Seven: Be Safe
Know how to boat safely. The Division of Boating and Waterways provides free boating safety information and a Safe Boating Course booklet. The Department and CYBA also recommend that boaters take safety classes from the U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Power Squadrons. They're open to boaters throughout the state, with small fees for books and materials. You can usually reduce your insurance premiums if you take boating safety classes.
To find out about classes near you, call 1-800 869-SAIL or 1 -800 336-BOAT.
You should also consider taking private lessons aboard your boat.
You can take courses in:
- Skills and seamanship for powerboats
- Sailing and seamanship for sailors
- Basic coastal navigation
- Advanced coastal piloting
- Advanced coastal navigation
- Basic piloting and seamanship
- Navigation rules
- Safe boat handling
- Rules of the road
- Navigation aids, compass and chart use
- And more
Step Eight: Now You Own a Boat
What next? Transferring title
As a courtesy, some brokers will transfer title of the boat through the California Department of Motor Vehicles.
If there's already a loan on the boat, your broker will handle paying it off for you after your funds have gone to your broker's trust account. In some cases the new lender will transfer the title.
If your boat is documented with the U.S. Coast Guard, a Documentation Service will transfer the title. You pay the cost and coordinate it with your lender. If you don't have a lender, we will refer you to a Documentation Service business.
Where do you put your boat?
Give us a call for help locating a suitable marina to berth your boat.
What is the Division of Boating and Waterways?
You can also call them DBW. They're the state agency that promotes your right to safe and enjoyable boating and makes sure you have safe and convenient access to California's waterways. They promote the safety of the boating public through educational programs.
Vessel registration fees, as well as state and federal taxes on the gasoline boaters buy, pay for DBW's safety and enforcement duties.
About the California yacht Brokers Association
Founded in 1975, the CYBA is a non-profit group of yacht brokers, salespeople and marine-related affiliates dedicated to conducting business with integrity, dignity and the highest standards of professionalism. The CYBA works closely with the Division of Boating and Waterways.
Brokers also have their own watchdog
The Yacht Brokers Association also has a grievance and arbitration process to handle complaints against brokers and salespeople. Call the CYBA at 1-800 875-CYBA for more information.